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How to Tie Knots: Your Guide to Knotcrafting



Image showing a blue-rope-tiedTo take on the learning of a new skill is an art in of itself. It’s always fun to challenge yourself with something new and outside of your comfort zone. Particularly if that skill is something that can be attributed easily to your style of life. Actively outdoors: why not look into how to tie knots?

Learning to tie knots well, can sound like quite an odd skill set to want to improve upon, but having a firm grounding in knotcraft can be quite beneficial to a person’s everyday life. Tying your shoelaces is an everyday occurrence, some of us tie pieces of string around our forefingers to later help spark memories, and we all have had the experience of adding a tie to our formal attire. Why not expand on these miniature habits with their much older siblings?

Rope tied on a boat deck

Understanding the basics of knotcraft is especially a major advantage for anyone who enjoys taking camping trips, hiking, rock climbing (though one would hope that you already have a grounding on the subject), or any other outdoors activity. In this brief guide we are going to look into how to tie knots from a list of essential techniques, guaranteed to be of use to those in search of a foundation in knot tying.

A Brief Guide to the Art of Knotcraft

To make a taut story loose, we are going to look into the most tried and tested knots available and assess their highest practical use for hiking trails and/or camping trips. So we will need durable, dependable knots that quickly fasten as well as loosen, and untie with ease. Knots that keep up with you, maintain when needed, and release on command.

The accompanying collection of knot ties have been curated on exactly this premise: ease and dependability for the user. No pushing you to breaking point by asking you to perform the seamlessly charming yet complicated Double Globe Knot, or the Zepplin Bend, ever reliable in that it will leave you stumped from the word go. No, simplicity and practicality are all to be expected here.

Bunch of Assorted Colored Woven Rope

Be you a hiker who wishes to apply knot tying to your trails, a novice climber just starting to brace the heights, or a sailor out to brace the sea – or even if you are just interested in knowing – here is a brief guide as you will need.

Learning the Ropes: the Basics

Before looking into the practice of tying knots efficiently, we must first become accustomed with the different parts of the apparatus used. Yes, the rope or line. Learning the language of knotting will help vastly when the time comes to attempt to tie one, as if we will know what everything is we will know where we need it positioned.

The two main parts in any knot tie are the Standing End and the Running End of the rope. As most of you can guess, the standing end is the part of the rope that stays taut and immovable whilst the running end weaves its way around it, creating the basis of the knot. When the running end has finished doing its job, you are to pull both ends firmly and securely, and then what you’re left with is a knot.

Grey Braided Rope on Wooden Plank

Another thing that should be kept in consider when taking up the art of knot craft is the type of line you wish to use whilst learning. All of us started with our shoelaces for one of the simplest, and important, knots that we use daily, but the types of knots that we are going to look into demand more of a commitment to the craft that materials like laces cannot offer.

The use of a nylon based rope or paracord is highly recommended in the learning of knotting, as it is highly durable, flexible, provides grip and slack easily when needed, and has many other uses. As paracord is thin, it is easier to tie knots into. The more you progress, the more nimble and competent your fingers will become. To the point where tackling thicker ropes will take the same amount of effort. We do also recommend to never tie ropes made from two different materials in bend knots, when it is needed to carry heavy loads. The stronger of the two will win out making the weaker useless and prone to snapping.

Advanced Rope Terminology: Picking up the Slack

Here is a more detailed look at the terms used for the ropes parts and the knots they make, to aid you in the rest of this article as they will be referenced heavily.

  • Lay – Different strands of material twisted together to make the twist in the rope.
  • Bight – A slight bend in the rope, that does not cross over itself.
  • Overhand Loop – A loop in the rope that places the running end over the standing end.
  • Underhand Loop – A loop in the rope that places the running end under the standing end.
  • Turn – The turn is when the running end of the rope is wrapped around an object, and then exits the opposite direction of the standing end.
  • Round Turn – A round turn is where the running end wraps around the object again to point in the same direction as the standing end.
  • Pig-Tails – Tip of the running end left excess after tying the knot.

Rope Terms Labeled

The Knot, The Whole Knot, and Nothing but the Knot

Ahead of our step by step guide in knotting, it is always useful to know what kind of knot is what in the sections to come.

the Anchor Hitch (or Bend) to tie your rope off at one end

Here is a little guide that may prove helpful, for an overall understanding of knots and what is not a knot:

Type Explanation of knot Application of the technique
Knot Tying securely fastened notches using a singular piece of material (commonly rope). A simple knot for simple tasks, such as notches for measurements and in offering a better grip to you for various activities that involve you needing to pull something.
Bend Interweaving two pieces of rope together using a knot. To elongate any length of rope by lashing it to another firmly, would serve you greatly in any situation.
Hitch The fastening of a rope to a solitary object. Being able to tie your rope around a solitary object grants you purchase on the terrain. Make use of the line any way you see fit.
Loop Using a knot to attach a rope to itself, creating a loop in the aftermath. Used for tying down tarps with use of pegs, an also be used as a harness for around your waist, when tightened correctly.
Overhand Taking the loop knot and passing a separate length of rope through the hole, then tying it off to the loop’s standing end. Strengthens a loop knot and makes it harder to loosen. As a regular loop knot can buckle under too heavy a load, adding an overhand knot can ease the strain.
Half-Hitch An addition to the overhand. By weaving the loose end of the rope through the loop, you tighten and better the overall knot. Half-hitches can also be used to strengthen the regular hitch knot. Handy for creating a sturdy line, pulley systems for winches, etc.
Slipped Less a type of knot, but more a modification simply added to any above technique, helping free any knot. Helps even the tautest of ropes come loose in your hands with one easy pinch of the end of the rope. Saves time and effort when packing away.
Shortening A knot that is used to shorten a longer rope. Shortening a rope that is already too long can help in the packing of your line, tightening the slack of any rope in use.

Now that we have the basics covered, we start to delve into the art of knotcraft and start learning some basic knot tying techniques. From all trails and trades.

Essential Knots that you should know

Let us familiarize ourselves with the type of knots we will be learning about in this article, their practicality in the field (or on the trail), and how to attach and fasten them correctly. To begin with, we will start with knots and continue through to hitches by way of a few loops and bends:


The Bowline (pronounced bow-linn) is a fairly simple loop knot, and when tied correctly, it proves an extremely useful addition to any knotter’s repertoire.

Bowline loop knot

The knot made its name by securing the line that keeps the weather leech of a square sail on a boat from buckling backwards. Deriving from the words “bow line.

Best way to tie a Bowline is to:

  1. Take the end of your rope and make a small loop, keeping the base pinched between your thumb and index finger
  2. Feed the running end through the loop from underneath and pull it toward the standing end
  3. Turn the running end round the standing and bring back to the loop and feed it through again, over to under.
  4. Keep hold of both ends and tighten carefully, maintaining the knots overall integrity, until it is secure.

Square Knot

We have all learnt this knot before. Well, the first half of it at least. The Square Knot starts with the turn that we all use in the beginning of tying our shoelaces.

Connecting the two laces in this way offers a solid foundation to work on top of, when tightened and secured. This binding knot is categorized as a Bend as it joins two separate lines together.

Man Tying a Square Knot

Though it is not as strong as other bend knots, it is great for starters and can always be strengthened by way of an extra half-knot.

Best way to tie a Square Knot is to:

  1. Take the two rope ends that you wish to tie together and place them parallel to each other, running the tips in opposite directions
  2. Use a turn – right over left – and then secure the half-knot you have made
  3. Using the ends, perform another turn – left over right this time – and tighten to create the Square Knot.

Prusik Knot

 A hitch that is used to attach a loop to an already established line. Commonly referred to as a Friction Hitch, as it latches onto a rope tightly whilst it is carrying weight, then, when the weight is taken away, it becomes slack and free to slide along the line.

Image of a Prusik Knot

The Prusik Knot was named after Dr. Karl Prusik, an Austrian mountaineer who allegedly invented the hitch.

Best way to tie a Prusik Knot is to:

  1. Take a smaller line – preferably a piece of cord – that has already been tied off into a loop
  2. Place the loop under the rope you are attaching it to
  3. Pass the knotted end of the loop around the rope a total of three times, making sure that each of the turns line neatly parallel to each other before tightening the Prusik.

Thief Knot

A simpler version of the Square Knot, that is faster to produce. This knot earned its name by according to old sea tales, they were used by sailors to tie up their personal bags. Thieves would burgle the items and retie the bags with Square Knots.

Image of a Thief Knot

Revealing to the sailors that their possessions had been tampered with.

Best way to tie a Thief Knot is to:

  1. Take the two rope ends that you wish to tie together and place them parallel to each other, running the tips in opposite directions
  2. Make a bight in one of the ropes and bring the tip of the rope back to the standing end
  3. Work the running end of the other rope through the loop that you have just made and bring it around the standing end
  4. Pull it back through the other ropes loop and tighten, making a Theif Knot

Surgeons Knot

Seemingly developed by physicians  during the Second World War in a bid to find an effective, efficient way to tie off blood vessels, the Surgeon’s Knot came into the collective global understanding. Used in the same way a Square Knot is used – to connect two separate lines together.

Photo of a Surgeons Knot

This knot is fast and faster acting.

Best way to tie a Surgeon’s Knot is to:

  1. Take the two rope ends that you wish to tie together and place them parallel to each other, running the tips in opposite directions
  2. Lash the two rope ends together by performing up to three half knot bends
  3. Then, take the two pig-tails and overhand loop from the right over the left
  4. Then underhand loop and pull through
  5. Tighten both rope ends to make a Surgeon’s Knot

Stopper Knot

A knotter’s best defense to the loose end. Does what it says in the name: it is a stopper knot. Making a notch at the end of your rope, stopping the running end from running off. There are different versions of the Stopper, we will look at the Ashley Stopper Knot as it serves our purpose of a simple essential knot.

Image of a Stopper Knot

This knot was developed and perfected in 1910 by American author, and sailor, Clifford Warren Ashley.

Best way to tie a Stopper Knot is to:

  1. Make an overhand loop and pass the rope end through it twice
  2. Tighten the knot and pull it all down to the end of rope to make the Stopper Knot

Water Knot

Also known as a Cove Knot. The earliest references to this knot date back to the 1400’s.

Photo of a Water Knot

This knot is a strong, and resilient one and can be enhanced easily with the aid of more a couple more overhand tucks.

Best way to tie a Water Knot is to:

  1. Take the two rope ends that you wish to tie together and place them parallel to each other, running the tips in opposite directions
  2. Make them parallel to one another and turn a large overhand loop into the middle
  3. Take both rope ends and start to make four turns into loop each
  4. Tighten by pulling both standing ends of the ropes to make the Water Knot

Figure 8 Knot

Considered as one the strongest types of knots, when tied correctly. The Figure Eight follow through, provides a secure loop, with a solid grip, that can be formed at the end of a rope.

Image showing Figure 8 Knot

It can be used instead of a Stopper Knot if you wanted to shake up your craft a little bit.

Best way to tie a Figure 8 Loop is to:

  1. Pull a bight in your rope toward its end
  2. And make an overhand loop toward the standing end
  3. Then make an underhand loop under the standing end
  4. Bring the running end through the loop you first made.

Sheet Bend

A valuable bend knot for your repertoire, as it works to connect two separate lines of rope regardless of rope size and materials.

Image of double sheet bend

Though we would not trust it with a lot of weight, but adding the aid of a double knot just to safe and secure will make any knot more effective.

Best way to tie a Sheet Bend is to:

  1. Make a bight from one rope end and pinch it back to the line to form a loop
  2. Pull the running end of the second rope through the loop you have made
  3. Turn it around the loop’s pinch, and pull under its entrance to the loop

Ashley Bend

Another knot developed and perfected by our long lost friend, Clifford Ashley. Used as most bends, to connect two lines temporarily. This bend can fall to jamming if not tied correctly, and sometimes even then.

Image showing Ashley Bend

Careful when using this knot, and practice it often for best results for it.

Best way to tie a Strop Bend is to:

  1. In both ropes that you are attaching together, you need to make a bight in each and interlock them
  2. Overhand loops over their respective standing ends and bring to the loop in the center of both ropes
  3. Pull the ropes through from under the loop and tighten by pulling the rope ends away from their standing ends

Clove Hitch

One of the simplest knots to master, that offers endless possibilities to you as a knotter.

Photo of Slipped Clove Hitch

Forming the foundation of many knots, the Clove Hitch still a good binding knot in its own right.

Best way to tie a Clove Hitch is to:

  1. Turn the running end over the object you wish to tie your rope to
  2. Continue it over the standing end and around the object again, on the other side
  3. Pull the rope end through the turn you have just made
  4. And tighten to make the Clove Hitch

Rolling Hitch

A simple friction knot that can be used to attach a line to another rope, or to any object with a strong line to it. With friction knots, it is all about the weight being carried. When the weight is attached to the rope using the knot, it is difficult to move around the standing end of the opposite line.

Image of Rolling Hitch

When the weight is taken away from the equation, the friction knot becomes looser and offers more slack, allowing it to slide freely across the standing line.

Best way to tie a Rolling Hitch is to:

  1. Take the running end of one rope and overhand loop it over the standing end of another rope
  2. Bring the running end under the standing end to make a loop around the standing, then tighten to make a Half-Hitch
  3. Bring the running end under the standing, aging and through the stem of the first loop
  4. Make a total round turn and tighten slightly
  5. Bring the running end under the standing one last time and loop it through itself and tighten securely.

Timber Hitch

Effectively, this knot is a temporary acting noose knot. It provides ample use when tied around tree stumps, poles, etc.

Image showing a Timber Hitch

It is advised that the thicker the object that this knot needs to be tied around, the more twists are needed to strengthen the knots grip.

Best way to tie a Timber Hitch is to:

  1. Make a turn around the object you wish to tie your rope to using the running end of the rope
  2. Bring back round to the standing end and make an underhand loop under it
  3. Then perform an overhand loop over itself and start making twists around the running end
  4. Make three twists, then tighter the knot into the Timber Hitch.

Cow Hitch

Often known as the Lanyard Hitch, this knot is generally used to attach a rope line to a ring, or a hoop. Much like those on your daypack.

Picture showing a Cow Hitch

Though it is not the strongest hitch, it is a great knot on a temporary basis.

Best way to tie a Cow Hitch is to:

  1. Pull the running end through the loop you wish to tie your rope to, and bring it back down to the standing end
  2. Use an overhand loop over the standing end and bring the running end back to the loop from the opposite side
  3. Perform an underhand loop and pull the running end up, and then under itself
  4. Tighten to create the Cow Hitch.

Two Half-Hitch

Essentially a double knotted Half-Hitch knot, that is tighter and more secure in its fastening. Adding the extra turn to the Half-Hitch offers a more secure knot, and a better grip on the item in need of a rope.

Close up of completed Two Half Hitch Knot

This also a quick and easy knot to learn, with many different uses.

Best way to tie a Two Half-Hitch is to:

  1. Make two overhand loops around an object
  2. Bring the running end back to face the standing end
  3. Overhand loop the running end and then bring it under the standing to make the first Half-Hitch knot
  4. Pull it tightly and then repeat the loop to make the second Half-Hitch to complete the Two Half-Hitch

Slip Knot

Among one of the easiest knots to tie, perfect for a beginner’s gateway into knottery. A Slip Knot is one of the simplest loops available to make. Its name has changed a bit since it’s invent, as it is more a slip noose than a standard knot.

Picture showing Slip Knot

But the Slip Knot has always remained in this form.

Best way to tie a Slip Knot is to:

  1. Make an underhand loop and pinch it tight toward the end of the rope
  2. Prepare a bight with the rope end and tuck it into the tight loop
  3. To release, pull the end of the rope


The Sheepshank is a fairly simple shortening knot to tie and is extremely valuable to a knotters repertoire as it is so easy to come loose when you have no longer use for it.

Sheepshank loop of two ropes

So easy to loosen in fact, that the second you take away it’s carry load, the knot falls apart.

Best way to tie a Sheepshank is to:

  1. Take the standing end of the rope and spin three small overhand loops, that lay close to one another but do not overlap
  2. Next, pinch the sides of the middle loop and pull them through the loops on the side
  3. Tighten the standing end then the middle loops running ends

Loop Knot

A common use of the Loop Knot is to shorten the likes of a damaged rope, though it’s most common use is for towing automobiles.

Image showing a Loop Knot

The Loop Knot takes the weakest section out of play fr the standing end by tying it off in into the loop.

Best way to tie a Loop Knot is to:

  1. Make a bight in the standing end of the rope and pinch it together
  2. Turn an overhand loop in the new running end back over itself to make a loop
  3. Bring the running end through the loop with an underhand pass through and pull down to tighten

The best positioning for the damaged part of the rope is to be at the very tip of the night made, so that it ends up outside of the loop and the lines standing end complete.

How to Store your Rope properly

After you have put your rope under the pressures of all the knots aforementioned, it is rather important that you take care of the line for better later use. Making sure that all the tangles made have  been untangled and any unnecessary knots have been set loose, you will need to keep the rope in a state that allows easy access and that keeps both ends tidy. Because, after all,  a rope does not come all that cheap.

Coil of hemp rope

We recommend coiling your rope. This allows easy access, no tangles, and it is by far the best way to store the rope. Here is how it is done:

  1. Take an end of rope in your hand and start to loop the rest of it onto itself
  2. Continue looping and coiling the rope into your hand until you reach the other end
  3. Leave a good sized length of rope at the end to use, whilst you pinch the rest of the coiled-up rope to add length to it
  4. Take the free running end perform a minimum of two round turns around the middle of the bunched up rope and tighten
  5. Pull the end of the rope through the loop on either side of the rope and securely tighten

Before coiling the rope, make sure that it is dry regardless of material. As moisture build up will lead to a severe deconstruction of the rope.

Final thoughts

Hopefully the knots that we have provided in this brief guide to how to tie knots have been beneficial to you and have provided you with a thirst to learn more. Some of these essential knots are simple, others are a little tricky, so take your time with each one and make you have followed the steps provided.

Keep practicing and learning, and you will be able to maintain this skill. Use it on your next camping trip to better peg down your tent, lashing all your gear to your daypack, to climb more securely, or even just to show off to your friends and family.

Close Up Photo of White Rope on Brown Wood

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Discover The Beautiful Trails In The Phoenix: A Guide To Must See Places In Arizona!




Ranked by the National Geographic as an ideal hiking destination in America, Phoenix is often seen as the safe haven for hikers. This iconic city of Phoenix has three incredible mountain preserves with many amazing trails leading to more than 180 miles of notable and developed trails.

These trails are source of attraction for outdoor adventurers and some, casual walkers. South Mountain is made up of a whole of the southern border. Camelback Mountain remains solitary and covers the Central Valley horizon. Piestewa Peak stays a series of mountains located on the northern side of Phoenix.

Inside the Phoenix city herself, there are uncountable numbers of preserves, green belts, and parks that are easily accessible for great hikes and casual walks. Are you interested in knowing some of the best hikes in Phoenix? If yes, read on!

Best Hiking Destinations in Phoenix

Listed below are some of the 10 best hiking places you need to know in Phoenix, these are arranged in no particular order.

Piestewa Circumference – Freedom Trail

Average Time: 2 hours

Level of Difficulty: Moderate

Distance: 3.8 miles round trip

While Piestewa Peak is generally known for its ever-famous Summit Trail, the Piestewa Circumference Freedom Trail offers a more intensive look at and a closer involvement with the landscape of the desert. Wound around the bottom of the peak, this region holds a variety of desert flora you can ever find in the mountain preserve.

Some portion of this trail synchronizes with the Nature Trail, which offers educational plaques itemizing different flora. The trail starts at the north end of the trail park and will promptly take you over a dry, rocky spring bed, before joining with the Freedom Trail Loop. Since, this is a circumferential hike, you can take either direction.

However, you should consider whether to choose a steep climb before you start a hike or go for a right at the intersection. Within Four miles in the preserve, there is some mellow rise picks up all through the hike that are ordinarily close to few memorial saddles.

These are decent chances to stop and take a proper look at the landscape: the peaks, the Phoenix horizon, and many other exciting desert landscapes.

Picketpost Mountain

Average Time: 3 to 4 hours

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Distance: 4.3 miles round trip

With just 2,000 feet of rising, hiking in the Picketpost Mountain is one that will make you return for more. It provides you a brief trip on the Phoenix Trail before climbing a series of bent curves such that in a matter of one mile, it will make you look down toward the Valley ground floor from 2,800 feet away.

At this point, the trail gets somewhat specialized as we bend, leaning on the cliff walls and intersecting shaky edges before entering a very narrow valley. This area will test your strength and should be done with caution. Just stay focused and engaged.

From the valley, the trail starts an upward series of bent curves and some fun stone bouncing to the upper plateau and lastly the summit. Make sure to stop a while and observe your surroundings as you climb. You will find the views amazing as you ascend.

When you reach 4,375 feet, you will find the panorama incredible, starting from the Superstition Mountains to the Four Peaks to the Weaver’s Needle. During the day, you will have an extraordinary perspective of the Catalina Mountains which is located in the north of Tucson. To your surprise, there is a mailbox on top of the mountain? The Picketpost Mountain is one of a kind trail to enroll in without a doubt.

Tom’s Thumb

Average Time: 3 hours

Level of Difficulty: Moderate

Distance: 4 miles round trip

Situated in the more isolated northern region of the McDowell Sonoran Preserve, you will find Tom’s Thumb sitting at 140 feet and can be seen all through the East Valley and Scottsdale. Numerous hikers often call this local landmark “the dork” due to the amazing patriarch of the climbing scene.

Nevertheless, you do not have to be a climber to appreciate the sheer views of this bulging hiking scene. After climbing for a half-mile, you will reach a precarious series of bend curves. The perspectives are stunning and will help in keeping your mind off the work you are putting in.

You can also anticipate for more stunning perspectives of Cave Creek Mountains, Four Peaks, and Bartlett Lake. At about one mile, you will be sitting at an amazing 3,680 feet. About a half-mile later making two miles, you will gain a saddle for another extraordinary perspective.

At that point, there remain just a half-mile to the ridgeline and an appropriate perspective of Tom’s Thumb and its remarkable proportion.

Camelback Mountain’s Echo Canyon Trail

Average Time: 2 hours

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Distance: 2.3 miles round trip

Camelback Mountain should be a once in a lifetime hiking. Regardless of whether you are simply going to the Valley or living around here, Camelback Mountain hikes offer probably the most encompassing perspectives of Phoenix.

Situated in the heart of the city, this 1,264-foot climb is an extraordinary taste of the mountain tucked inside the suburban boundary, one that is certain to blow your mind in more courses than one. Throughout this hike, you will enjoy the areas of stair stepping and scrambling.

If you are a little bit nervous to climb, be rest assured that handrails have been set up for your help if necessary. At simply under a mile, you will see a false summit. While this may appear like a dreadful trick after the cardio you have been using, the main summit is some steps away from this, and you will soon be on the most remarkable top you can ever find in Phoenix.

Feel relaxed, catch your breath, and appreciate the sights of the amazing metro Phoenix right from South Mountain to Chase Field, Superstition Mountains, and Four Peaks. This is a completely remarkable way to see the beauty of the whole city.

Hieroglyphic Trail

Average Time: 1.5 hours

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Distance: 3 miles

This short climb offers awesome perspectives of the Grand Superstition Wilderness Area and in addition an ancient accumulation of Hohokam petroglyphs. Situated at the bottom of the Superstition Mountains, hiking on the hieroglyphic trail is ideal for families and even a beginner hiker.

The trail head shared something in common with the Lost Goldmine Trail, yet advance you up a little hill and you will discover two wooden sign post stamping where the trail divides. Move left and proceed towards the mountain. At about a half-mile of hiking, you will eventually see the Sombrero Butte, Camelback Mountain, and South Mountain.

Proceed with another half-mile, and you will be entering the Hieroglyphic Canyon; move along this trail and at about five to nine minutes, you will get into an extensive rocky zone with scores of Hohokam petroglyphs and few small-scale pools of water. You might be wondering why this preserve was not given the name Petroglyphs Trail.

It appears that the early pilgrims and mine workers are to be blamed for the misconception. The Hohokams occupied the Central Arizona, roughly 800 years back, leaving a lot of petroglyphs behind that the early pioneers mixed up as Egyptian hieroglyphics. Hence, give rise to your Hieroglyphic Trail.

Mormon Trail to Hidden Valley Trail

Average Time: 2.5 hours

Level Of Difficulty: Moderate

Distance: 3.9 miles

Situated inside the biggest municipal park in the city of Phoenix, the Hidden Valley Trail of South Mountain gives you a chance to get away from the city with uncommon rock developments and two natural rock channel marking the end of this half-mile trail.

Quietness is always a common thing during this hike, as the city and its sounds look like they have vanished, abandoning you with dazzling rock formation and dry sandy washes. Now entering the Mormon Trailhead hike, the rising is prompt, because it is like half-a-mile to the saddle, where there is a fantastic perspective of downtown Phoenix.

You will then hit a steep area of the trail from here, which will straighten out around the one-mile checkpoint. In a matter of minutes, you will come across the crossing point with Mormon Loop and you will need to go straight, remaining on the Mormon Trail throughout until the point that you run into the National Trail.

At this point, take a right and you will be going towards Fat Man’s Pass leading to the Hidden Valley Trail. You are going to enjoy the view and exit through the other rock channel to go back through Mormon Trail.

Cave Creek Trail to Skunk Tank Loop

Average Time: 6 hours

Level of Difficulty: Moderate

Distance: 10 miles

Situated in the upper east of Phoenix within the Tonto National Forest, this particular trail features the riparian desert spring that is Cave Creek. This is more than a city; a real creek flowing through some region of Tonto National Forest, supporting a broad cluster of fauna and flora and not typically found in the desert.

After entering this hike, you will probably overlook that you are right in the desert and some miles away from the city, all regards to the lavish vegetation and the sound coming from the streaming creek adjacent to you. This loop gives you an awesome day hiking adventure.

It starts with a quiet trek through shallow and short water intersections and underneath lavish shades of trees, before finally dropping into a limited canyon and sending you climbing along a lovely, rocky creek bed. At that point, the Skunk Tank Trail loop includes some cardio, with wonderful all-encompassing perspectives on moving hills and mountains that appear round.

It is not an awful result, and simply going over part of the way through the trail, the long bend curves have hoisted you to 3,665 feet. After just a mile, the trail makes a curve and meet up with the Quien Sabe Trail 250. This is the most elevated purpose of the hike at 4,075 feet.

Proceed a little more, you will soon reach the Quien Sabe mine, and after, the old mine worker’s camp. This is a decent place to stop by and appreciate a little history before finishing the two miles remaining.

Boyce Thompson Arboretum

Average Time: 2.5 hours

Level Of Difficulty: Easy

Distance: 3 miles

Situated at the floor level of Picketpost Mountain just close to Queen Creek, Boyce Thompson Arboretum is a headquarter for most of the desert plants throughout the world. This Arboretum hike is more than just a hike.

It is more or less an educational walk and an awesome chance to start perceiving what vegetation you have seen on the trails. For a starting hiker, what you will be amazed by what normally occurs in the Valley area you are trekking through.

Upon landing, you should desire to go through the Main Trail as it interfaces with the arboretum’s remarkable elements and appealing routes. For an absolute taste of what you may experience on hikes close to Phoenix, ensure you hit up the Sonoran Desert Trail before going back to the Main Trail.

From that point, you will discover why you need to visit the Smith Interpretive Center and the Hummingbird Gardens, a memorable structure repurposed to hold two nurseries, displaying succulents and desert flora from around the globe. As you continue going on, you will soon arrive at Ayers Lake, a fabricated reservoir giving water to the whole grounds and serving as a flying creature asylum.

Past this, you will be hiking through a riparian territory, Eucalyptus Forest, an intuitive herb cultivations and a brush of palms. Your trip will be ended with a stroll over the Outback Bridge, finishing on the walkabout trail located along the Australian Desert Exhibit.

Peralta Trail to Freemont Saddle

Average Time: 3-4 hours

Level of Difficulty: Moderate

Distance: 4.9 miles

There is a considerable measure of mystery and history related to the Superstition Wilderness Area, bringing the early historians and hikers to the old mining grounds. Regardless of whether you believe the story or not, this trail is an extraordinary insight into the majesty and beauty of this amazing region.

More so, it leads to one of the best perspectives of its popular landmark: the 1,220-feet-tall Weaver’s Needle. Peralta Trail is named after a family from Sonora, Mexico, who mined the in this same region before an extraordinary slaughter, resulting in different stories of hauntings, lost maps, and gold.

It begins with a heading left to the trail head. At this point, you are going to appreciate the beauty of the gliding mountains that surround you before intersecting the Peralta Creek at the quarter-mile checkpoint, where you start your rising.

After a mile, you will reach a fork in the trail; keep going right and proceed through a series of bend curves upwards. At about a mile and a half, you will come across the Geronimo’s Cave while looking over the canyon. The trail will cross the desert spring bed again before directing you upward and onto some brilliant colored volcanic region.

Thereafter, you will pass a cave entrance. At that point, it will be left with one-half mile Freemont Saddle for a stunning perspective of Weaver’s Needle.

Reavis Falls

Average Time: 9 hours

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Distance: 14 miles

Did you realize that there is a 140-foot waterfall just some minutes away from the city of Phoenix? Yes, the Reavis Falls is just 30 feet taller than the famous Niagara Falls. Located deep in the Superstition Wilderness, this fall is not for the swoon of heart, but rather it is unquestionably justified regardless of the effort.

The condition of the waterfall fluctuates based on any last rainfall occurrence, so arrange in like manner. Start at Reavis Trailhead, with a wonderful perspective of Apache Lake, which is right behind you and an extraordinary visual upon your arrival.

From here, you will make a curve and move through Reavis Trail for a little more than two miles, gaining a saddle at around 4,000 feet. A snappy swing to look behind you yields an extraordinary perspective of Four Peaks. After a mile, you will start to see Castle Dome.

This is a precarious aspect of the trek arrival at a saddle at around 4,675 feet. In a matter of one mile, the trail starts to slip. The descent is around 1,625 feet. And, recall that this will be a jump while going out. At about six miles, you will get to Reavis Creek and trace it upstream, where you will traverse the creek a few times.

This includes much rock jumping and customarily extremely icy water. In case the stream is great, you will hear the gliding sound of the waterfall before you see it. The sounds will allure you nearer until you get to this mind-blowing sight, smack spot at the very center of the desert.

Tips for Hiking in Phoenix

Over 200 hikers are being delivered every year from the preserves, mountain stops and desert of the city of Phoenix. The essential tips below can help prevent you from adding to the number:

Tip 1: Watch the Weather

Yes. “It’s a dry warmth”. However, Phoenix’s temperature can be misleading and fatal. Climb when it is cool outside. Attempt early mornings and nights when there exist more shade.

Tip 2: Dress Appropriately

Wear appropriate sunscreen, cap or hat, clothing, and shoes

Tip 3: Bring Water

Ensure you Hydrate before you leave for the hiking trip. Winter climate in Phoenix may fluctuate around a high of 67°, yet make sure to pack water along, regardless of what the temperature might be. Have a lot of water, more than you might predict you require.

However, if you are outside in the Phoenix sun, you will require significantly, at least 8 cups of water for the day. In case you are heading outside for any reason at all, carry along a bottle of water. If the purpose of going out is hiking, carry along many bottles of water or preferably, a drinking system.

Many individuals have encountered their death after heading into the preserves inside a temperature of 110-degree heat without enough water. That is the main reason hikers are often warned to stay inside or create a shelter beside one of the pools available in the Valley until the month of October.

In case you need to go outside, you may be enticed to hold up until night when it is cooler. It is an intelligent arrangement, but you should know.

Tip 4: Keep in Contact

Convey a cell phone or a satellite phone along anywhere you go and let your friends and family know your plans and the locations you plan on visiting.

Tip 5: Team Up

Don’t ever go hiking alone. In case you feel like going alone, tell somebody about your area of interest, begin times and end times.

Tip 6: Be Honest

Do you have any medical condition? Back issues, knee, diabetes, heart issues, Asthma? Try not to encourage yourself.

Tip 7: Don’t Trail-blaze

You are free to enjoy the beauty of the Sonoran desert landscape. But please, remain on assigned trails.

Tip 8: Take Responsibility

Try not to be somebody that won’t get ready, shouldn’t have been there for wellbeing reasons or overlooked security rules. Be the mindful climber, who gets out for hiking and does it right.

Tip 9: Know the indications of heat stroke

As indicated by the Health Services Department of Arizona, the way to an existence debilitating heat stroke takes after genuinely predictable steps, with a few cautioning signs, for example, warm stroke, warm fatigue, Heat spasms, Thirsty, et cetera.

Most heat strokes can be prevented by staying inside, wearing lightweight clothing in light hues, taking even and consistent breaks, and, more importantly, drinking a great deal of water.

Tip 10: Avoid the honey bees

Based on the information provided by the Health Services Department of Arizona, you won’t see a ton of animal creatures or bugs all over the place. Most turned out around evening time, so watch the path you step on when you are doing the night walk.

Phoenix honeybee season and summer go as one. Each mid-year, honeybees attack no less than a couple of individuals and dogs present around the Valley.

Tip 11: Always take your sunglasses along

With shorter storms found in Phoenix, the sun frequently set and changes roadways into mirrors, reflecting a very bright light in your eyes and making it difficult for you to see the path lines.

Keep your sunglasses close to you all the time and drive with caution.

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Camp Safely With These Essential But Simple Camping Safety Guides: The Do’s And Don’ts About Camping!




There is nothing like escaping into the great outdoors for a fun, relaxing trip away from the bustle of daily life.  However, enjoying yourself may come at a cost if illnesses or injuries become part of your adventure.

That’s why it is important to consider the following camping safety tips, not just for your time at the campground, but to properly prepare and pack for your trip before you even leave the house.  Doing so can ensure a safe and healthy trip, so you can spend your time enjoying yourself rather than tending to wounds or rushing to the emergency room.

Preparing for Your Trip

Whether packing for a two-week vacation or just a weekend at your favorite camping spot, you have to prepare and pack correctly, to be prepared for any occurrence.

Get Vaccinated: Illnesses such as meningitis or whooping cough may not seem like an issue when camping, but you never know what diseases other people you meet during your trip may be carrying.

That’s why it is important for your first step to be up to date on your vaccinations, so you don’t bring any unexpected, and potentially fatal, souvenirs home with you.  This goes for all members of your party, including spouses and children, and even your pets.

Packing for the Weather: When packing clothing, be sure to check out the weather report for the area you’ll be camping in so you can pack clothing appropriately.  But don’t just pack according to the report, because weather can change at any time.

If the report calls for sunny days and clear nights, pack some pants and sweaters along with your t-shirts and shorts in case it cools off, or unexpected rain showers move into the area.

This goes for bedding as well.  Having a few extra blankets won’t take up that much room, but it’s better to have them and not use them than to freeze during an unexpectedly cool night.

Fans and heaters are also a good option if you have the room and access to electricity; just be careful where you place them, and be sure there is enough ventilation to reduce any risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.

Packing Food and Water: Water is a necessity, especially in high temperatures where you’ll be sweating excessively and need constant hydration.  Many areas do not have clean drinking water, so be sure to pack enough for all members of your party during the entire trip, and check to see if there is a store nearby to purchase more, just in case you begin to run low.

When packing food, be sure any meat is packed carefully so it will not come in contact with any other food items.  Contamination could mean discarding an entire cooler of food, leaving you with nothing.  Using sealable containers is the best choice, so there will not be any chance of meat juices leaking into other items.  Also, if there is cooked meat and raw meat, keep them separate as well, to reduce the risk of food-related illnesses.

Prepare a Safety Kit: Should injuries happen on your trip, you don’t want to be left unprepared.  That’s why a safety kit should be prepared in full before you leave.  The kit itself should be a sturdy, waterproof container, and include:

  • Bandages-rolled, plastic, triangular, butterfly, large and small
  • Sterile compresses
  • Adhesive tape
  • Splints
  • Gauze pads
  • Antiseptic sprays or wipes
  • Cotton swabs
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers and nail clippers
  • Safety pins
  • Thermometer
  • Creams – Antibiotic, burn, poison ivy
  • Sunscreen and after sun lotions
  • Peroxide
  • Hot/cold packs
  • Bug spray
  • Razor blades
  • Pain and sinus medications
  • Antacids
  • Eye drops
  • Snake bite kit (if poisonous snakes are in the area)
  • Ipecac (to induce vomiting if poisonous or harmful items are ingested)
  • Latex Gloves (and a non-latex type, in case of a latex allergy)
  • Road flares
  • Any personal medications normally taken, prescription or otherwise

Not only should you carry these items, but you should know how to use them all.  It is also a good idea to take courses in both CPR and First Aid, so you can be prepared for any type of injury or situation.

Check your safety kit often, as some of the items in this list do have expiry dates, and may need to be replaced before your camping trip begins.  And be sure to replace anything used, so your kit is always fully stocked.

Inform Others of Your Plans: Before you leave, make sure others are aware of your destination, and how long you’ll be gone.  This could be a family member or a friend, whichever you prefer.

This way, if something happens and you are left stranded in the woods with no cell service, someone will be expecting you home and will be concerned if you don’t show up.  Do not post your plans on social media, though.  Telling the world you’ll be away for even a few days could invite break-ins and theft, so keep your plans off of Facebook and Twitter.

After Your Reach Your Destination

Whether camping in the wild or at a busy public park, be sure to follow these tips to ensure your trip will be filled with laughter and fun, rather than pain and injury.

Setting up Your Site: When setting up your tent, be sure to do so away from the fire pit area so there will be little chance of sparks landing on the material and starting a fire.  Campers are less at risk, but if a canopy is opened, it could also catch on fire, so plan your site accordingly.

Food Storage: For those using a cooler, hopefully you’ve followed the advice on packing your food items listed above.  If so, there is only the risk of spoilage to worry about, so be sure to keep your food cold by replacing the ice that has melted each day, especially if in hotter temperatures.

An insulated cooler is the best choice, because it will hold its temperature longer, as long as it is not opened unnecessarily throughout the day.  There are even plug-in coolers available, but if you’re not at an electrical site, these will be of no use.

After cooking meals, be sure to pack up all extra food properly and safely, and store it in the cooler.  Do not leave food laying around your site, because this could attract unwanted animals, from small, harmless ones like squirrels to large, dangerous bears.

Also, do not keep food in your tent, for the same reason.  If possible, store your cooler and other non-refrigerated items in the trunk of your car, to reduce the likelihood of unwanted animal attention.

Sun Protection: Be sure to use sunscreen at all times when camping, even if it is overcast.  Harmful UV rays can still reach you through the clouds and cause burns you may not realize you are getting.  If you are swimming, apply it about half an hour before entering the water, and reapply it often.  Sunglasses and hats are also a good idea to protect your eyes on bright days.

Critter Protection: Bugs can carry diseases, and a single bite could bring with it an unwanted illness along with itchy discomfort.  That’s why you should protect yourself from mosquitos, ticks, and other unwelcome pests by using bug spray throughout your trip.

Larger critters can also be harmful, though there is no spray for small animals.  If snakes, squirrels or birds are nearby, do not try to touch them or interact with them.  For smaller mammals and birds, you could carefully shoo them away from a distance.

Snakes or other potentially poisonous animals should be avoided, and if you find you are too close to one, back away slowly, and leave them be.  They probably won’t stick around if there are people nearby.

Having fun: Camping trips include all kinds of outdoor activities, including hiking, bicycling, swimming, and many others.  If these activities are going to be part of your trip, be sure to prepare for them by bringing the appropriate gear.

This includes helmets and padding for knees and elbows when biking, proper footwear for hiking and walking, life jackets when boating, and swim rings and water wings for swimming.

Be sure all of the members of your party can handle the terrain for the hiking and biking trips, and don’t force anyone to go farther than they can handle.  Keep in mind that little children will tire out, and the further you are from your site when they stop walking, the longer you will be required to carry them.

When swimming, don’t go alone, and supervise any inexperienced swimmers closely.  Bring snacks and lots of water for these adventures, but don’t eat right before swimming to reduce the risk of cramps.

For some quiet time, bring a few toys and coloring books to keep the kids occupied in the site, especially if you have littler ones who need naps.  Blowing bubbles is also a great way to entertain kids for hours.

Getting Lost: No matter what activity they are engaged in, be sure to watch your children closely when camping, and explain to them the risks of getting lost if they wander away into the woods, so they are aware of the dangers of wandering off alone.  Of course, not only children can get lost.

Many adults head out for a hike and can’t find their way home.  That’s why it is important to always tell someone in your party where you are heading, in case you don’t return.  Carry a map if possible, as well as a GPS locater and a compass.  Even having a whistle can help you to get rescued, and it is small enough that it is easy to carry in a pocket or on a rope around your neck.

Staying Cool: No matter what you’re doing, it is important to stay cool and hydrated, especially on hot days.  Drink lots of water to replenish what you are losing, and reduce the risk of heat stroke.

If playing games, with grown-ups or children, try to do so in a shady area, and be sure to sit down and rest if you feel yourself overheating.  Don’t go for long hikes or bike rides if the temperature is especially high.

Cooking Safety: Some rules for cooking when camping are the same as those at home.  Be sure to prepare food on a clean surface. Wash your hands thoroughly before and after handling any food items.

Cook meat to a safe temperature before eating, and carry a meat thermometer to be sure this is done correctly.  Don’t mix raw foods with cooked foods, especially meat, so there is no contamination that could lead to food poisoning or other food-related illnesses.  After eating, store any leftovers away promptly.

If cooking over the fire, be sure to use sturdy metal utensils with safety handles, and wear a fire-retardant cooking mitt or glove to keep from getting burned.  Don’t cook over high flames.  Have somebody keep any children and pets away from the fire when you’re cooking, because you may be too focused on what you are doing to watch them at the same time.

If using a stove or grill, be sure to store the fuel canisters properly in an upright position.  Don’t place them too near a fire pit, and don’t try to change any canisters near an open flame or if the stove is already hot.

Make sure you are in a well-ventilated area when using these items, and never try to use one in a camper or tent, because of the threat of carbon monoxide, as well as a risk of fire.  When not in use, turn it off and remove the fuel container, so there will be no chance of injury or explosion.

Fire Safety: At the end of the day, there is nothing more relaxing than sitting around a fire, chatting with your family and friends, or just enjoying the quiet.  But in order to fully relax, you need to be sure your fire will stay where it belongs.

If there is no proper fire pit provided, and you must make your own, be sure to do so in an open area, away from any tents, trees or other flammable items.  Place a ring of large stones to enclose your fire.

Keep a bucket of water, sand, or a fire extinguisher nearby just in case it gets out of control.  Do not leave it unattended for any reason, and be sure to extinguish it completely before leaving your site or heading off to bed.  Also, be aware that in dry seasons, there is a higher risk of forest fires, so check for any bans in the area before even lighting the match.

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Winter Hiking Tips: You Don’t Have To Freeze Out There!




Winter is coming sooner rather than later, and for those of us that love the outdoors it means one of the best times of the year. Winter Camping. Going on a winter camping trip can give you some of the best views, the most serene landscapes, the best fishing, and some of the least crowded trails and camping grounds of the year. While winter camping can be one of the greatest joys in life, there are certain pit falls that come with going on a winter camping trip.

Depending on which area of the world you are in there are many different things you must consider before you begin your camping adventure. Between choosing the proper equipment, preparing for the potential winter storms, and making sure that you have all the information possible, preparing for a winter camping trip can be overwhelming. The good news is that we will go over some various cold weather camping tips that will help keep you and your group safe and happy on your trip.

Before The Trip

Before you even starting purchasing the equipment you will need to keep yourself safe on your trip, you must evaluate where you are going, what you will be doing, and a myriad of other safety precautions.

It is imperative that before you start your journey you have a definitive plan in place.

  • While the serenity of camping during winter can be truly breathtaking, it is important that you do not go out on your own. Winter can be the most dangerous month of the year for camping, and without a partner or group to go with you, you can find yourself in a very bad situation with little to no help very quickly.
  • Plan when you are going carefully. Check what the weather will be like during different parts of winter for whatever location you have chosen. The last thing you want is to get to your destination and be stuck in the middle of a terrible storm. The NWS has detailed weather reports you can use to determine what you should expect.
  • Check for potential avalanche areas. If you plan on going on a ski expedition you will need to make sure that you are aware of any potential avalanche areas at your destination. If you find yourself going to a location with a high avalanche potential, you and your group should get formal avalanche safety training.
  • Make a detailed plan. Make sure that everyone in the group is on the same page with an extremely detailed excursion plan. You should know where you will be making camp, where your destinations are, and the nearest emergency services are to where you will be. More important make sure that someone who is not in the group knows exactly where you will be going and how long you will be gone for.
  • Make a checklist and check it twice. Create a list of all the equipment you will be needing to bring with you. Make sure to add extra food and dry clothing just in case you get lost or weather turns for the worse. Also bring some cash for any unexpected emergencies that may occur.
  • Do some research on the area you are going. Reading up on people who have been where you are going can give you valuable insight on what you should expect from your trip.

Clothing and Gear

There is nothing more important when you are camping in the cold than the proper clothing. The biggest rule of winter is camping is to stay warm and dry at all times. Clothing should be able to wick away any moisture and rain, dry quickly, and be both warm and breathable. The general rule of thumb is to have three layers at all times when you are camping during winter.

The Base Layer

You base layer is basically just your under garments. Since this is the closest layer to your skin, you want to make sure that the clothing you chose for this layer is going to be able to wick away perspiration from your skin to the outer layers. For this layer you want to avoid cotton and aim for synthetic and merino wool clothing.

These materials dry extremely quickly, which will help you spend little to no time in wet clothing. Depending on the climate, it is common for winter campers to wear two base layers for optimal heating.

The Middle Layer

This layer is primarily used for retaining body heat, and overall warmth. Consider purchasing microfleece for this layer, as that material will provide the highest amount of heat retention. Whatever you go with, you want to make sure that this layer is providing the best heat.

The Outer Layer

The outer layer is also known as the “shell”. This layer is meant to be waterproof, windproof, and ideally breathable. Either Laminates or polyurethane-coated fabrics will work best for this layer, however laminates are considered the superior option.  A lot of people do not consider this, but try to keep your outer layer fireproof as well, the last thing you want is a stray ember catching on your shell. This layer will be protecting you the most from the elements themselves, so do not skimp on the outer layer!

While your layers of clothing are important, you need to also make sure that you have the proper accessories to finish out your winter clothing.


While camping typically requires nothing more than a good pair of hiking boots, for winter camping you want to make sure you have a pair of boots that are both waterproof and sufficiently insulated.

If you plan on going skiing or snowboarding during your camping trip, you want to make sure that whatever boots you purchase have the proper bindings for your board and skis.


Socks should be warn in two layers at all times, and make sure that you have extra socks on you at all times. No one wants to have wet feet while you are tromping through the snow.

Another good idea is to purchase high quality gaiters that can be used to keep the inside of your boots as dry as possible.


Consider purchasing a balaclava along with a good beanie to keep your head as warm as possible. Most of the heat in your body will be transferred through your head, so make sure that your head is properly covered.


Gloves should have proper coverage and also allow for finger mobility. While you want to insure your hands are as warm as possible, you want to still have mobility in all your extremities.

Mittens can be used on top of whatever gloves you decide to wear, just attach some sort of Para chord or rope from the mittens to your clothing so you can remove them quickly without losing them.


If you are a glasses wearer, then it is a good idea to get the proper eyewear to protect yourself from the elements as well as making sure that you will be able to see at all times. A good idea is to bring a pair of high quality prescription goggles and also a second pair of glasses in case something happens! Make sure that any goggles you get also have tinting to help prevent snow blindness.

When it comes to something as important as your eyesight, do not take any chances. Even if you do not wear glasses, a good pair of goggles will help to protect from the harsh cold winds of winter camping.

Once you have your clothing and accessories sorted out you want to make sure that you have the proper equipment to get through your journey safely. The proper equipment can make the difference between an easy journey and a journey that is fraught with problems.


Finding the right tent can be troubling, but the right tent will make a massive difference to you when you call it a night at your campgrounds. Surprisingly the smaller the tent the better! When you have a smaller tent you can heat up the inside easier than if you had a larger tent. With a smaller tent your body heat can sometimes bump the temperature inside the tent 20-25°.

You want to make sure that your tent is rated for the temperatures you will be traveling in.

While a tri-season tent may be ok for some climates, a specialized winter tent may be ideal for the climate you will camping in. If you expect a large amount of snow, or extremely low temperatures, the proper tent will make all the difference.

Sleeping Bag & Ground Pad

Next to your tent your sleeping bag and ground pad will be the two most important pieces of gear in order to keep you warm through the night. When shopping for a sleeping bag, check the temperature ratings for each sleeping bag, and make sure that you use a bag that is rated at least 10° colder than the coldest temperatures you are expecting to encounter on your trip.

If you get too warm you can always remove clothing, but having a low rated sleeping bag will ensure that you are 100% warm at night.

The other part of your sleeping arrangement is a ground pad or sleeping pad. Two layers on the bottom are worth one on the top, so making sure that you have a proper sleeping pad can make a cold night a warm night with little effort. We highly recommend using two pads to make sure you get the best heat retention.

A foam pad and a self-inflating pad will give you the best coverage, and make sure that if the inflate pad gets punctured you will still have some ground protection.


A good backpack can really help with your exhaustion level while you are hiking to your camping grounds, but if you have too small of a pack you will not be able to pack all the equipment you will need.

Depending on how long you plan on being out, you may want to consider getting a lightweight deluxe sized backpack to make sure that you can carry all of your gear. The more pockets and storage the better!

Lights, Camera, Batteries

Winter is known for having the longest and harshest nights of every season, so you want to make sure that you have the proper lighting to keep you safe for the long nights. Purchasing a good LED headlamp will give the illumination you need during the winter nights. Make sure that you have enough batteries for all of your lighting equipment and for whatever camera you chose to bring to capture your journey.


When you are traveling in the back countries of winter, you will often find yourself with little to no cell phone coverage. Make sure that your group has a way to communicate to each other and the outside world at all times. Satellite phones and high powered two way radios can be used to keep your group in contact with the world at all times.

Specialty Equipment

If you are planning on skiing, snowboarding, or fishing on your camping trip make sure that you bring all the appropriate winter gear that can get the job done well.

Also make sure that if you are going to be bringing specialty equipment that you have the necessary straps on whatever backpack you purchase to carry the equipment. You do not want to be hiking through the woods and have to hold onto a fishing pole the entire time.

Tips and Tricks

Bringing the best gear and clothing can only go so far, and you and your group will need to make sure that you have all the knowledge possible to make it through your journey safely. With a few tips and tricks, you can find yourself getting around in your winter wonderland with no problems what so ever.

Getting your Bearings

If you are going to a location that has the potential for high amounts of sleet or snow, you may find yourself in danger of having your trails covered up. If this happens you want to make sure that you have all the possible routes in the area mapped out. Because of this you want to be certain that every single member of your group has the most up to date map of the area.

If you are using a GPS device, you want to have multiple routes to and from your camp site preprogrammed in. Anyone who finds themselves camping in a very mountainous region may want to pick up an altimeter to help determine exactly where you are.

Avalanche Safety

Campers who find themselves going on a camping trip in the mountains will want to make sure that they have all the avalanche safety equipment and training.

  • Avalanche Transceiver: If you plan on traveling in any form of avalanche country you absolutely must have one of these for each member of your group. Learn how to use them, and keep it on you at all times.
  • Snow Shovel: Everyone should have a snow shovel in their pack. While they are essential if any sort of avalanche happens, they will also be essential in the daily routine while you are camping in winter.
  • Personal Locator Beacon: Whenever camping in a high avalanche possibility location, you want to make sure that you have a PLB on you at all times. If you activate the locator, the device will send out a signal to alert rescue teams of your exact location.

Create A Winter Camping Checklist

Before you even step a foot outside, you and your group should sit down, have a meeting and put together a checklist for all the gear and necessities you will need to bring with you. Everyone should be on the same page at all times, and everyone should have a copy of the checklist with them before they start packing.

The last thing you want is to forget something that is important for your trip because the person who was supposed to bring it forgot.

Check Your Pack Twice

Once you have gone over your checklist, it is a good idea to lay all of your equipment out and go over it multiple times before you start packing. When you pack aim equally distribute the heavier objects with the smaller objects like blankets and clothes so they have a lower chance of shifting while you move around.

Winter camping can be one of the greatest adventures of your life, but without the proper preparation it can turn south on you quicker than you can imagine. If you follow the tips outlined in this article you will find yourself getting through the serene winter wonderland with no trouble what so ever. A final tip, whatever you do make sure to enjoy every moment you spend in the beautiful country!

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